Posted tagged ‘misattribution’

Acquire Knowledge, but spend also the night in prayers !

October 24, 2015
  • Status : REJECTED HADITH, weak statement of companion

In order to motivate people to learn deen, the following hadith is often quoted :

Acquiring knowledge in company for an hour in the night is better than spending the whole night in prayer” (Tirmidhi #256 (or #91))

Firstly, this is once again another misattribution ie the hadith is not present in Jâmi’-ut-Tirmidhi, nor in any of his books, but the one who spread it inserted the name of a famous hadith book in the reference to popularise it.

Secondly, Ad-Daylamî reports this hadith in his Musnad al-firdaws however one narrator of its chain (Nahshal bin sa’îd at-tirmidhî) is severely defective according to hadith experts and thus the hadith is not sahih at all but rather totally rejected.

Thirdly, the narration is also reported in the sunan of ad-Dârimî as a mawquf saying of Ibn ‘Abbas (RA), and this report is considered weak narration or severely weak. Al-Bayhaqî transmits a similar narration from Ibn ‘Abbās through different chains of transmission. Al-Khatîb al-Baghdâdî relates this report with a slight variation from Abud-Dardâ’ (RA). Hence a group of ‘ulama allowed to quote it as a saying of a companion. But do understand there are tons of authentic ahadith of the Prophet  ﷺ and sayings of the salafs with regards to merits of acquiring Knowledge.

To sum up, this hadith as a saying of Rasulullah ﷺ is rejected, and is weak or very weak as a statement of a companion.

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Glance to parents = reward of an accepted Hajj ?

June 1, 2013
  • Status : EXTREMELY WEAK / FABRICATED

In order to motivate our youngsters, it is often reported :

Ibn Abbas (radi Allahu anhu) narrated that the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “The pious offspring who casts a single look of affection at his parents receives a reward from Allah equal to the reward of an accepted Hajj.” The people enquired: “O Prophet of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), if someone casts a hundred such glances of love and affection at his parents, what then?” The Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Yes, indeed, even if one does so a hundred times a day, he will get a hundred fold reward. Allah is far greater than you imagine and is completely free from petty narrow mindedness.” [Sahih Muslim]

Firstly, this narration is NOT in Sahih Muslim. This is yet another misattribution.

Secondly, it has been narrated through three different chains of narrators

1) It is found in Al-Bayhaqî’s Shu’ab al-îmân and contains a narrator by the name of Nahshal Ibn Sa’eed who was accused of lying by Ishâq bin Râhaway and Abû Dâwûd at-Tayâlisî.

Ad-Dhahabî graded it munkar (rejected) in his ‘Siyar a’lam an-nubalâ”’ (19/208) and Al-Albânî graded it as mawdû’ in his ‘Silsilat ad-Da’eefah’, 3298.

2) Also found in Siyaru A’lâm-in-Nubalâ of Al-Dhahabî and its chain contains a certain Muhammad Ibn Humaid whom experts have opined that “he is unreliable / he has many unacceptable narrations / I have not seen anybody more artful in lying than Ibn Humaid”

3) A third narration is found in Ibn Abid Dunya’s Makârim-ul-Akllâq, but its narrators are also unreliable.

Therefore, all these narrations are extremely weak. In fact, Allâmah Suyûtî and Allâmah Ibn ‘Arrâq have classified it as a fabrication, as both have narrated the Hadīth in their books on fabricated Ahâdîth; Az-Ziyâdât ‘Alâ al-Mawdhû’ât and Tanzihu-sh-Sharî’ah respectively.

Thus there’s no way this report is reliable, this hadith is not ‘just weak’, it’s an extremely weak hadith, thus unquotable (click here to see why).

Obeying parents is of course not the matter here, one must respect parents, I am only highlighting the fact this hadith is not in sahih muslim and in fact cannot be quoted due to its high weakness.

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Hadith : Allah “looks at both spouses with Mercy” ?

March 16, 2013
  • Status : EXTREMELY WEAK

It is often reported from romantics across social websites the following hadeeth (often with a touching pic) :

“When a husband and wife look at each other with love, Allah looks at both with Mercy” [Bukhari 6:19 & Tirmidhi 14:79].

The problem is that if you check both Sahih al-Bukhari and Sunan ut Tirmidhi, there is no such narration there !

It is rather found in Imam Suyûtî’s al-Jâmi` al-Saghîr, and seemingly taken from Rafi`i’s book entitled ‘al-Târîkh’ (the history, ie not a book of hadith), and is considered very weak by scholars of hadith (various scholars concur on this). There is especially one arrator in the above hadith who has been declared by many Muhaddithun as a liar and fabricator. This hadith is therefore not suitable to be quoted. (See Lisanul Mizan, vol. 2 pg. 181). Shaykh Ahmad Siddiq Al Ghumari (rahimahullah) has classified the narration in question as baseless and a fabrication (baatilun Mawdu’). (Al Mudawi, vol. 2 pg. 388)

Benefit of the doubts is given to the one who sourced it wrongly, but now that you know it is not authentic, simply avoid quoting it.

I’m a wanna be romantic and I still want to quote this hadith since some only consider it ‘weak’ and a weak hadith can always be quoted for fadha’il right ?

NO.

‘Ulamas have explained that for using a Da’if (weak) hadith, it is absolutely necessary that, among the three well-known conditions, the narration may not be mawdhu OR its weakness not be too important. In the aforementioned narration, some muhadditheen considered it so weak that they deemed it to be mawdhu (or fabricated).

So the weakness is important thus cannot be quoted.

If you still have some doubt on quoting very weak reports, consider this saying of the Prophet  ‘Whoever narrates such a Hadith from me regarding whose authenticity he doubts, then he is also from the liars.’ (Sahih Muslim Vol.1 Pg.6)

Source 1

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Nevertheless, the meaning is right and is supported from other authentic ahadith.

First Thing created : The Prophet ﷺ’s Nur ?

October 14, 2012
  • STATUS : FABRICATED

Here is a version of the report copy-pasted :

“Hadith of Jabir”

It is related that Jabir ibn `Abd Allah said to the Prophet : “O Messenger of Allah, may my father and mother be sacrificed for you, tell me of the first thing Allah created before all things.” He said: “O Jabir, the first thing Allah created was the light of your Prophet from His light, and that light remained (lit. “turned”) in the midst of His Power for as long as He wished, and there was not, at that time, a Tablet or a Pen or a Paradise or a Fire or an angel or a heaven or an earth. And when Allah wished to create creation, he divided that Light into four parts and from the first made the Pen, from the second the Tablet, from the third the Throne, [and from the fourth everything else].”

There is absolutely no sign of this narration, in any book of hadith.
Someone mistakenly attributed it to Abd ar-Razzaq and all others followed, all relying on the first one, thinking that he must have seen it in there !

This is why one will find many senior Ulama of the last few centuries attributing it to Abd ar-Razzaq. Most of them took it from Sharh al-Mawahib, who incorrectly referenced it. None of these Ulama had copies of the Musannaf of Abd ar-Razzaq (they are all excused insha’Allah), to properly ascertain its existence, neither did any of them ever mention a sanad (chain) for it.

Seeing this widespread mis-attribution, a few later-day muhadithin – who went through the musannaf and confirmed its non-existence– had classified it as fabricated, as it quite clear when ones sees the wording of the hadith and adds this to the fact that there is no known sanad for it.

From the great Huffadh, Allamah Suyuti has mentioned that there is no sanad that could be relied upon for this narration.

Those whose most crucial and necessary aqidah is that Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)  is present in every atom of this world, thus viewing all that is taking place, would of course never accept it as a fabrication. To these people is then the task to produce any chain for this narration. They also allege that an old part of the Musannaf of Abdul Razzaq has been found aka “the lost juz”, however it remains also a fabrication. They should bring proof to state so.

Do not forget the saying of your Prophet who said : ‘Whoever tells lies about me deliberately, let him take his place in Hell.” (Bukhari), lest you would want to do “good” but in the end be doomed.

Abdullah b. ‘Amr b. al-‘As (RA) reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger as saying: “Allah ordained the measures (of quality) of the creation fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth, as His Throne was upon water (Sahih Muslim).

Thus even before the Pen wrote all destinies of the Creation, Throne and Water already existed.

WALLAHU A’LAM.

Sources :

“Mufti Husain Kadodia” (I merely copy-pasted his post from a now defunct website)

“Murshid al-Ha’ir” : http://www.ahlalhdeeth.com/vbe/showpost.php?s=ac0296f48181a6c315c9167da3c584c3&p=3837&postcount=1

“Moulana Haroon Abasoomar” : http://www.alislam.co.za/cms/?question=question-4208

“Islamweb” : http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=showfatwa&Option=FatwaId&lang=E&Id=83805

The extremely weak story of ‘Alqamah…

May 8, 2012
  • Status : EXTREMELY WEAK

Here is the report copy-pasted  :

At the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him), there was a young man named `Alqamah. He was very diligent in obeying Allah by engaging in prayer and fasting and spending in charity. Then he fell ill and his illness became serious. His wife went to the Prophet and said, ”My husband, Alqamah, is on his deathbed. I therefore came to tell you, Messenger of Allah, about his condition.” The Prophet (then) sent for Ammar or Suhaib and Bilal, and told them to go to him (Alqamah) and have him repeat the Shahadah. Thereupon they went to him and found him in the agony of death. They asked him to say, “La illaha illa Allah,” but his tongue was unable to pronounce it. At that, they came and told the Messenger of Allah that he was unable to repeat the Shahadah. The Prophet asked, “Is either of his parents alive?” He was told, “Messenger of Allah, his mother is, but she is very old.” The Prophet sent her a message that if it was convenient for her (that is, is she was able to go out), she should come to him; otherwise she should stay in her house and the Prophet would come to her. The Prophet’s messenger came to her and informed her of the Prophet’s message. She said, “May my life be a ransom for him, it is my pleasure to go to him!” She then stood up, leaning on her walking stick, and came to the Prophet and greeted him. The Prophet returned her greeting and said to her, “Umm Alqamah, tell me the truth, for otherwise Allah Most High will reveal the truth to me! What is the situation concerning your son, Alqamah?” She replied, “Messenger of Allah, he prays much, fasts a great deal, and spends a great amount in charity.” The Prophet said, “And what about yourself?” She said, “Messenger of Allah, I am angry with him.” He said, “Why?” She replied, “Messenger of Allah, he has preferred his wife to me and has disobeyed me.” Then Allah’s Messenger said, “Umm Alqamah, surely your anger has prevented Alqamah’s tongue from pronouncing the Shahadah.” He then turned to Bilal and said, “Bilal, go out and collect a quantity of firewood.” She said, “Messenger of Allah, what do you plan to do?” He replied, “I will burn him in front of your eyes.” She said, “Messenger of Allah, he is my son! My heart cannot bear your burning him in front of me!” He said, “Umm Alqamah, Allah’s punishment is more severe and more lasting! Therefore, if you want Allah to forgive him, be reconciled to him. By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, the prayer, fasting, and spending in charity (which he has done) are of no benefit to Alqamah as long as you are angry with him! Thereupon she said, “Messenger of Allah, I call upon Allah Most High and His angels and the Muslims who are present to be my witnesses that I am pleased with my son Alqamah.” Allah’s Messenger said, “Bilal, go to him and see whether he is now able to say, “La illaha illa Allah” or not. It may be that Umm Alqamah is saying something for my sake which is not in her heart.” Thereupon Bilal went, and while entering the door he heard Alqamah saying, “La illaha illa Allah.” (Concerning this), Bilal remarked, “It is surely true that while Alqamah’s mother was angry with him his tongue was tied, and now that she is pleased with him his tongue is freed.” Alqamah died the same day. The Prophet came to him and gave the order for his washing and shrouding, and then prayed the funeral prayer for him and buried him. He then stood by the side of his grave and said, “You company of Muhajireen and Helpers, if anyone favors his wife over his mother, Allah and His angels and all the people curse him! Allah does not accept his spending (in charity) and his uprightness unless he repents toward Allah, the Glorious and Majestic, and reconciles with her and attains her pleasure, because Allah’s pleasure consists in her pleasure and Allah’s anger consists in her anger.” Source: Reported in Tabarani and Ahmed.

1. Ibnul Jawzi mentioned an abridged version of this narration in his Al Mawdû’ât (a book consisting of fabricated narrations attributed to the Holy Prophet ).

As Suyûti narrates from Al ‘Uqayli that this hadith is unauthentic (Al La’âliy al Masnû’ah) Shaykh Mash’hûr quotes this story in his ‘Qisas la tathbut’ (unfounded stories). The late shaykh

Al Albâni also criticised the reliability of this narration.

2. Likewise,  the attribution to “Ahmad” is misleading, as all that is mentioned in Musnad Ahmed is that this was originally part of the Musnad, thereafter Imam Ahmad (due to its severe weakness) removed it from his book.

  3. One problem of this narration is in its isnad : Faa’id Ibnu Abdir Rahmân Abu-l Waraqâ has been severely criticised by muhadditheen : Imam Ahmad, Ibnul Jawzi, Al ‘Uqayli and Al-Haythami say whatever he narrates should be neglected (matrûk).

Ibnu Hibbân asserts that it is impermissible to quote his narrations in an argumentation (la yajuzul ihtijaj bih). He was deemed ‘munkar ul hadith’, ‘dhahib ul hadîth’, ‘layssa bithiqatin’, ‘layssa bi shay’in’, ‘ittahamûhu ay bil kidhb aw bi wadh’il hadîth, ‘âmatu hadîthihi kadhibun’.

4. ‘Ulamas have also mentioned the following :  whenever a tradition is mentioned at the start with words hukiya (“it is told”, as reported in al-kaba’ir) or ruwiya (“it is reported”, as written in At-targhib wat tarhib), then its authenticity is problematic to say the least.

Thus this widespread story of ‘Alqamah is NOT authentically reported from the Holy Prophet Muhammad and thus cannot constitute a solid proof in Islam, although ONE MUST OBEY HIS PARENTS. 

Sources :

http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=showfatwa&Option=FatwaId&Id=133353

Mufti Husain Kadodia: (dead link) http://www.sunniforum.com/forum/showthread.php?44325-authencity-of-this-story&p=369969&viewfull=1#post369969

Shaykh Patel (hafidhahullah), from Reunion, who provided much of the information.

Mufti Zakaria Makada : http://muftionline.co.za/node/11978

And classical works : Al Majruhin, As Silsilat ud Da’ifah wal Mawdu’ah, Da’if ut Targhib wat Tarhib, Tahdhib ul Kamal, Taqrib ut Tahdhib, Al Jarh wat Ta’dil, Al Kamil li ibni ‘Adiy, Du’afa ul ‘Uqayli, Al La’aliy al Masnu’ah.

May Allah have mercy on all aforementioned scholars.

Don’t hesitate to leave a comment or to share this blog address. Can I use weak hadith ?

Famous “hadith” of the bedouin asking 25 questions

May 20, 2011
  • Status : NO SOURCE

Here is the entire sequence of the report copy-pasted (random version) :

Khalid ibn al Wald (Radi Allahu Ta’ala anhu) narrated the following hadith:

A Bedouin came one day to the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alahi wasallam) and said to him,

‘O, Messenger of Allah! I’ve come to ask you a few questions about the affairs of this Life and the Hereafter.’

– ‘Ask what you wish’ said Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alahi wasallam).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Q: I’d like to be the most learned of men.
A: Fear Allah, and you will be the most learned of men.

Q: I wish to be the richest man in the world.
A: Be contented, and you will be the richest man in the world.

Q: I’d like to be the most just man.
A: Desire for others what you desire for yourself, and you will be the most just of men.

Q: I want to be the best of men.
A: Do good to others and you will be the best of men.

Q: I wish to be the most favored by Allah.
A: Engage much in Allah’s praise, and you will be most favored by Him.

Q: I’d like to complete my faith.
A: If you have good manners you will complete your faith

Q: I wish to be among those who do good.
A: Adore Allah as if you see Him. If you don ‘t see Him, He seeth you. In this way you will be among those who do good.

Q: I wish to be obedient to Allah.
A: If you observe Allah’s commands you will be obedient.

Q: I’d like to be free from all sins.
A: Bathe yourself from impurities and you will be free from all sins.

Q: I’d like to be raised on the Day of Judgement in the light.
A: Don’t wrong yourself or any other creature, and you will be raised on the Day of Judgement in the light.

Q: I’d like Allah to bestow His mercy on me.
A: If you have mercy on yourself and others, Allah will grant you mercy on the Day of Judgement.

Q: I’d like my sins to be very few.
A: If you seek the forgiveness Allah as much as you can, your sins will be very few.

Q: I’d like to be the most honorable man.
A: If you do not complain to any fellow creature, you will be the most honorable of men.

Q: I’d like to be the strongest of men.
A: If you put your trust in Allah, you will be the strongest of men.

Q: I’d like to enlarge my provision.
A: If you keep yourself pure, Allah will enlarge your provision.

Q: I’d like to be loved by Allah and His messenger.
A: If you love what Allah and His messenger love, you will be among their beloved ones.

Q: I wish to be safe from Allah’s wrath on the Day of Judgement.
A: If you do not loose your temper with any of your fellow creatures, you will be safe from the wrath of Allah on the Day of Judgement.

Q: I’d like my prayers to be responded.
A: If you avoid forbidden actions, your prayers will he responded.

Q: I’d like Allah not to disgrace me on the Day of Judgement.
A: If you guard your chastity, Allah will not disgrace you on the Day of Judgement.

Q: I’d like Allah to provide me with a protective covering on the Day of Judgement.
A: Do not uncover your fellow creatures faults, and Allah will provide you with a covering protection on the Day of Judgement.

Q: What will save me from sins?
A: Tears, humility and illness.

Q: What are the best deeds in the eyes of Allah?
A: Gentle manners, modesty and patience.

Q: What are the worst evils in the eyes of Allah?
A: Hot temper and miserliness.

Q: What assuages the wrath of Allah in this life and in the Hereafter?
A: Concealed charity and kindness to relatives.

Q: What extinguishes hell’s fires on the Day of Judgement?
A: Patience in adversity and misfortunes.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Related by Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal

So they say Khalid ibn Walid (RadiyAllahu anhu) reported it and it comes from the Musnad of Imam Ahmad (Rahimahullah).

The thing is that if you check Musnad Ahmad, it is NOT there !

You would however find it in Kanz ul-‘Ummal (which is a collection of ahadith without their chains, with references to earlier books of hadith which mention chains for them) however no chain of narration is ever mentioned !

Allamah Suyuti (rahimahullah) mentions that he found it in a collection of ahadith of al-Mustaghfiri, who heard this hadith from someone, but doesn’t mention the chain.

When a “hadith” does not have an isnad (chain of narrators), it is not called a “hadith”. Do I need to explain why ?

As for the incorrect attribution to the Musnad of Imam Ahmed, it was due to the old copy of the Musnad having selections of Kanz ul-‘Ummal printed in its margin.
So it seems that someone found the hadith in the margin and thought it is in the musnad, due to the copy of the book mentioning the musnad, when in reality it is from Kanz.

Sources :

In Arabic :

In English :

Do not hesitate to leave a comment.

Lastly don’t hesitate to spread this post or to let me know of any famous fabricated hadith, Jazakumullahu khayran.


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