Posted tagged ‘mawdu’

Is kissing the thumbs at adhan from the Sunnah ?

January 2, 2014
  • Status : FABRICATED

First of all, the respect that is due to the Best of the Creation is not contested here, one must send salutations after his blessed mention, and even regularly, for our success in this life and the hereafter lies in our love for him.

Rather what is contested is the nature of the following ahadith :

“He who kisses the finger nails of his thumb when hearing Ashadu Anna Muhamman Rasool Allah, I shall admit him into Jannah”

“ Rasullullah ﷺ wiped his eyes with the inner portion of his fore fingers after kissing them when hearing the Mu’azzin saying “Ashadu Anna Muhammadun Rasool Allah together with Ashadu Anna Muhammadan Abduhu Wa Rasuluhu, Radhitu Billahi Rabba wa Bil Islami Deena wa Bi Muhammad Sallallahu ALayhi Wa Sallam Nabiyya”

“It is reported from Hadrat Khidr Alaihis Salam , “If a person says “Marhaban bi-Habibi Quratu Aini Muhammad ibn Abdullah” when hearing the Muazzin say “Ash’hadu anna Muhammadur-Rasoolullah, then kisses his thumbs and places them on his eyes, never will they (the eyes) be sore.”

1. The hadith is fabricated, not just weak

The following masters of Hadith  and ‘ulama considered the hadith to be fabricated :

Hafiz Sakhawi (pupil of Ibn Hajr Al-‘Asqalani (RA)) (Al-Maqaasid ul Hasana, hadith 1021) : he said “la yussah” ie not sahih).

Allamah Shawkani (RA) (al-Fawaid al-Majmu’ah fi al-Ahadith al-Maudhu’ah)

Hafiz Ibn ud daiba (Tamyeez uthayba pg.171-2)

Hafiz Ibn Taahir al-Fattaany (Tazkiratul Mawdhoo’aat pg.34)

Imaam Suyootee wrote “Those ahadeeth which mention the kissing of the fingers and then placing them on the eyes when the Mu’adhdhin mentions the name of the Prophet , then all of them are fabricated.”See ad-Durar al-Muntathirah Fee Ahadeeth al- Muntashirah.” (and much more refer to Fataawa Nazeeriyyah 1/248-251)

Allamah Ibn Abidin (RA) quotes “There is no authentic Marfoo Hadeeth regarding this practice” (Radd al-muhtar, 1/398)

Mulla Ali Qari (RA) has  classified the 2nd hadith quoted above as Mawdhu  (see al-Masnu’ fi Ma’rifa al-Hadith al-Mawdu & ‘Mawdoo`aatal-Kubraa’ [no. 435])

Shaikh Muhammad Khaleel Tarbulusee Hanafee (d.1305) said, “Sakahwee has rejected it and said this is not authentic.” (al-Lulul al-Marsoo’ah Feemaa al-Asal Lahu WaBaa Asli Mawdhoo no.505 pg.168)

Shaykh Abdul Fattah Abu Ghuddah (footnotes on Al-Masnoo of Mulla Ali Qari pg.169)

Imam Baihaqi (RA) states concerning the narration in which Khidr is in the sanad :
And in its chain are several narrators who are Majhool and Allah (SWT) has not made us responsible to take our religion from Majhool narrators. (Kitaabul Qir’aa, page 127)

The same has been reported by Allamah Muhammad Tahir Hanafi.

It is evident from the above explanation that the practice of kissing one’s thumb and rubbing it on one’s eyes after “Ashadu Anne Muhammadan Rasool Allah” in the Azaan is a fabricated and baseless practice having no status in the Shari’ah.

2. Weak ?

For argument’s sake, let’s consider the hadith is only weak and not fabricated.

Let me then remind you of the conditions by which weak ahadith can be used :

‘Ulamas have explained that for using a Da’if (weak) hadith, it is absolutely necessary that these 3 conditions are met (sources in the previous link) :

  1. The narration may not be mawdhu OR its weakness not be too important;
  2. The hadith must be in accordance with renown and legitimated practices, established from valid references (Qur’an verses, authentic or reliable ahadith)
  3. One must not have the conviction that the hadith is legitimate and established so that one does not attribute to the Holy Prophet something he may not have said, as a precaution the hadith being unfounded.

In the present case :

  1. the narration is fabricated, or granted you say it is just ‘weak’, then from a neutral point of view this becomes very weak for sure
  2. the practice is not supported by any other hadith
  3. any muslim doing this nowadays has the conviction this practice is from the sunnah, whereas the one omitting the kissing of the thumbs is looked down!

Further, consider :

Imam ibn Daqeeq-ul-Eid [RA] writes:

“If a narration is weak, but not maudoo’, then it is permissible to practice upon it. However if any shi`ar of the Deen (visible sign, habit) is created by its practice, then it should be abandoned.” [Ahkamul Ahkam, vol. 1, page 51]

Allamah Sakhaawi [RA] writes:

“However, as for maudoo’, practice on it is impermissible under all circumstances.” [Al-Qawlul Bade’, page 196]

3. A point on Ibn ‘Aabideen (RA)…

Allamah Shami has mentioned that there is no authentic Hadith with regards to kissing one’s hand and touching one’s eyes when Nabi ’s name is heard during Adhaan. The Muhadditheen (scholars of Hadith) have also mentioned that the Hadith of Abu Bakr (Radhiallaahu Anhum) is not authentic. (Radd al-muhtar vol.1 pg.398)

He however quotes from 2 books  that it is mustahab : 1) Jami’ ar-Rumuz and 2) Fatawa Sufiyyah.

1) The same Ibn ‘Aabideen mentions Jami’ ar-Rumuz to be an unreliable book for fatwa!

Jami’ ar-Rumuz itself doesn’t even quote it from a book of fiqh, but instead from a book on duas (awrad), namely Kanz al-Ibad, which isn’t just unreliable; it is full of fabrications!

The famous Hanafi Muhaddith, Mulla Ali al-qari says regarding it:
“This ‘Kanz’ contains disgusting fabricated ahadith. It is not permissible to even hear them !”

Sh. Gulam Mustapha as-Sindi states regarding it: “It is full of weak masail and fabricated ahadith. Neither do the Fuqaha or the Muhaddithin attach any weight to this book!”

2) Fatawa Sufiyyah : Allamah Birgivi, Allamah Khadimi, Allamah Abd al-Hay al-Laknawi, Allamah Ghulam Mutapha Sindhi etc have all classified it from the unreliable books, whose masa’il are not permissible to practice upon!

See brothers and sisters :

1) Ibn ‘Aabideen (RA) says the is no authentic hadith tracing back to Rasulullah .

2) He did quote two books that are both unreliable, and one of whom he himself criticised !

3) Ibn ‘Aabideen is a great Faqih, but not an expert of hadith, and the experts have all stated his hadith to be fabricated.

4. Conclusion

This hadith is fabricated, and even if you consider it weak you cannot quote it because conditions are not met by the ‘ulama that allow quoting them.

A person can kiss this thumbs, rub his eyes, place his hands on his head or any other permissible action, the condition being that he does not view this action as an act of ibadah, just as one taking eyedrops doesn’t view this act as ibadah.

Kissing the thumbs during adhan, is nowadays viewed as mustahab or sunnah and is alleged to be based on certain ahadith. The one who omits doing this is frowned upon. That is why it is classified as a bid’ah. Accept the reality and grow up, I’ve browsed through loads of articles but none is able to give a true sanad for this practice.

If there is still anyone who claims it it not fabricated, he is requested to produce the various chains and show how they aren’t fabricated, and quote the relevant muhadditheen, not the mufassireen or fuqaha’ who are not the experts of the field.

Lastly I would like to finish with this quote :

The number of Sahaba (RA) exceeds thousands (and even hundred thousand according to some estimates) and since Adhan is called five (5) times a day, the name Muhammad must have been uttered in front of them and in the blessed presence of Rasul-ullah literally millions of times (in Adhan and outside of it) and if kissing the thumbs or the nail of the index finger was Sunnah then the books of Hadeeth would have recorded the actions of such lovers of the prophet .

Sources :

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Surviving month of Safar will get you Jannah ‽

October 19, 2013
  • Status : FABRICATED

Here is the false report on the islamic month of Safar :

“Anyone who gives me the good news that he survived Safar, I will give him the good news of that person’s entering Paradise”

This narration is classified a fabrication by Imam Saghani and Mulla ‘Ali Qârî.
‘Allamah ‘Ajlûni concurs with their decision too (Kashful Khafa, Hadith:2416)

By the way, the actual words are of this false hadith are : “Whoever gives me the good news of Safar departing, I will …”
Some people thus quoted it with the words: “Whoever gives me the good news of the commencement of Rabi’ul Awwal…
These are both the same as Rabi’ul Awwal follows Safar, so the departing of Safar actually means the starting of Rabi’ul Awwal.

Even though people relate this false hadith falsely, in the end, both reports are baseless.

Mufti Taqi Usmani (hafidhahullah) has written the following regarding the month of Safar:

“Safar is the second month in the Islamic calendar. It is one of the ‘Al-Ash’hur-ul-Hurum’, the four sanctified months in which battle was prohibited in the days of the Prophet of Allah . However, no specific mode of worship or other special rules are set by the Shariah to observe in this month.

Some people believe that this month is an unlucky month and therefore avoid marriage ceremonies or any other happy gatherings in this month. This belief is totally baseless and it is a part of the superstitions rampant in the ignorant of Arabia before the advent of Islam.” (Islamic Months p.23)

Rasulullah said “nor is there [any bad omen in the month of] Safar”

Source 1

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Nobody better than`Ali & no sword better than dhul faqar ?

April 30, 2013
  • Status : FABRICATED

In some circles the following ‘hadith’  is often quoted to prove some corrupt agendas (2 narrations) :

1) There is no better man than `Ali, and no sword better than Dhul-Faqar

2) From Al-Hasan ibn `Arafah Al-`Abdi on the authority of Abu Gha`far Muhamad ibn `Ali Al-Baqir who said: “An angel called Radwan announced from the Heavens in (the Battle of) Badr ‘No sword other than Dhu Al-Faqar and no man better than `Ali.'”

1) The first narration is reported by ‘Isa ibn Mihran on whom the following muhaddithun have said :

Ibn Adiy said: “He narrated fabricated Hadith.”
Hâfiz al-Dhahabî said about him: “Liar” (Mizan, #6613)

Ibn Ubaydullah ibn Abu Rafi is weak as well.

Allâmah Sakhâwiy said this narration is “very weak” (Al-Maqaasidul Hasana, 1307)

Imâm al-Bukhâri said: “Munkar al-Hadith.”

Ibn Ma’een said his narrations are nothing.

Abû Hâtim said: “Extremely rejected.” (Mizan, #7904)

Imam al-Suyûtî rejected this narration in “La’ali al-masnu’a” (1/333)

Al-Dhahabî rejected it in “Talkhees Kitab al-Maudua” (1/126/#274).

Hâfiz Ibn Taymiyyah said:

“This narration is from false, fabricated stories–in accordance to the ijma (consensus) of people who know the science of Hadith.” (Mukhtasar Minhaj as-Sunnah)

Al-Shawkânî said in “Fawaid al-Majmua” (372/#68):

“And in the chain is Eesa ibn Mihran, and he is Rafidhi (Shia extremist), who narrated false stories. Ibn al-Jawzi included this narration in his book on fabricated Hadith.”

Ibn Katheer said : “hadith munkar” (al bidayah, 7/293)

Additionally,  Mulla ‘Ali Al Qâri  also mentions that this hadith has “no basis” and portrays it as this is an innovation of the Shi’a. (Al-Asraarul marfoo’a, 595)

Sa’d bin Tareef is a raawi of this narration and Ibn hajar says he is matrook (rejected) and that he was a raafidi, This hadith is supporting his tashayyu’ thus rendering his narration as unacceptable (Taqreebut Tahzeeb)

On the second hadith :

Mullâ ‘Ali Qari al-hanafi  added, “It is proved to be invalid for if something like this had been announced from the Heavens in the Battle of Badr all the honorable Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) would have heard it and thus it would have been reported by the great Imams.

Sources

  • In english :

Source 1

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  • In arabic :

Source 1

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Source 5

On a sidenote, Dhul-faqar was but one of the many swords the blessed Prophet  had, as you can read it here for example.

Note : this post is NOT there to belittle our liege-lord and Khalifah Sayyiduna ‘Ali (RA), one of the best of the Companions of Rasulullah ; rather it is there to expose how far fabricated ahadith have crippled our minds. Just use authentic narrations, which are plenty for this noble companion.

Is a scholar from this ummah better than a Prophet of Banu Isra’il ?

March 11, 2013
  • Status : FABRICATED

Some people report that :

“The scholars of my nation are like the Prophets of the Children of Israel”

OR

A Shaykh in his jamaa’ah is like a Nabi in his Ummah

There is a consensus among the ‘ulama themselves that the Prophets are superior to all other people from among the children of Adam, and that there is no one equal to them in excellence even the ‘ulama.

Thus one finds that the following big ‘ulama themselves viz hafiz Ibn Hajr Al-‘Asqalani, ‘Allamah Sakhawi, al-Zarkashi, Mulla ‘Ali Qari (RA) clearly all stated this one to be fabricated. (al-fawa’id al-majmu’ah)

One must revere past and present ‘ulama, but certainly not by lying on the Prophet .

Source 1

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Source 3 : Mufti Husain Kadodia

Does eating harisa give strength of 40 men ?

March 11, 2013
  • Status : FABRICATED

Here are the reports copy-pasted :

1) “Uqaili has transmitted this hadith from Muaz bin al-Muthanna from Saeed bin al-Mualla from Muhammad ibn al-Hajjaj from Abdul Malik ibn Umar from Rib’iy from Muaz bin Jabal radhiallahu anhu who says, “I said, “O prophet of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasallam, have you been given any food from paradise?” He (sallalahu alaihi wasallam) replied,
ٲتيت بالهريسه فٲكلتها فزادت في قوتى قوۃ أربعين و في نكاحى نكاح أربعين

“Yes, hareesa was given to me, so I eat it. Hence there has been a forty-fold increase in my strength and libido.”

Thereafter Muaz radhiallahu anhu would not begin making food but with hareesa.”

2) أتاني جبرﺌيل بهريسۃ من الجنۃ فأكلتها فأعطيت قوۃ أربعين رجالا في الجماع

“Jibril (alaihis salaam) brought hareesah to me from Jannah, so I ate it. Hence, I have been given the libido of 40 men.”

The following ‘Ulama have classified the hadith in question as Mawdoo’ (fabricated).

Hafiz Haithamî states in his Majma’ uz Zawa’id (page 38 volume 5) after mentioning this Hadith, (Hadith 465 in the text of al-Masnoo’ of Mulla Ali, not the Hadith in question) “In it’s chain of transmission is Muhammad ibn al-Hajjâj al-Lakhmi, and he is the one who has fabricated this Hadith”. (Sheikh Abdul Fattah Abu Ghuddah, in his footnotes on the Masnoo’ of Mulla Ali al-Qari)

Hafiz al-Dhahabî states in his Mizaanul I’tidaal under the biography of Ibn al-Hajjaj, “He was a hareesa seller. He died in the year 181 AH”.

Ibn ‘Adiy states, “He fabricated the Hadith of hareesa”.

Imam Dâraqutni has said, “He is a liar”.

Ibn Ma’een has said “He is a liar, and evil.”

Hafiz ibn Hajar in Lisaanul Meezaan states regarding Ibn al-Hajjaj’s biography (page 117 volume 5)

Shaykh Abdul Fattâh Abu Ghuddah‘s footnote upon the Al-Masnoo’ fi Ma’rifatil Hadeethil Mawdhoo’ of Mulla Ali al-Qari.

Shaykh Ibn al-Qayyim, whilst recounting the signs of a fabricated Hadith in chapter 14 of his book Al Manaarul Muneef fis Saheeh wad Daeef, brings the 2nd ‘hadith’ quoted above as an example and then the Shaykh elaborates that the words of the hadith seem more reminiscent of being that of doctors and members of religious sects than those of the Messenger of Allah . According to Ibn al-Qayyim this indicates that the hadith is fabricated.

Muhammad ibn al-Hajjâj is also unfortunately the fabricator of the story of the killing of Asmaa bint Marwaan.

(By the way FYI, hareesa is a sweet dish made from wheat flour, Ghee and Honey or Sugar. It’s not the hot chily sauce, like some people eat in the maghreb)

Source :

Salman & Hussain, graduates from Darul Uloom Bury and other non-english sources.

Now that you know it’s an ugly seller that concocted this report, will you reject this narration, or are you too aroused to accept the evidence ?

May Allah keep us safe and sound.

Sayyiduna Bilal (RA) mispronouncing the Athan ?

December 7, 2012
  • Status : FABRICATED

Its is often said about the companion Bilal ibn Rabah al-Habashi (Radhi Allahu ‘anhu) that

It is reported that Prophet Muhammad [Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam] said, “The ‘seen’ of Bilal is ‘sheen’ in the hearing of God,” meaning that God does not see the physical manifestation; He appreciates the purity of heart.

It is a famous fabrication mentioned in virtually every book on Mawdu’ ahadith.

In fact, Sayyiduna Bilal (RA) had no difficulty at all, rather he was very eloquent (fasih) and called the adhan loud and clear, which is why he was selected by the Noble Prophet  for the task.
Ibn Kathir, Mulla ‘Ali Al-Qari, Al-Shawkani amongst others have declared this narration to be a fabrication.

See: Al Maqasidul Hasanah, hadith: 582 and 221, Tazkiratul Mawdu’at pg. 101, Al Masnu’, hadith: 159 and Kashful Khafa vol. 1 pg. 411

Trust traditional scholars for your deen, not wikipedia..

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Apostasy in Islam : the inexistent killing of Asma bint Marwan

December 5, 2012
  • Status : FABRICATED

Here is the report copy-pasted :

A woman from Banu Khatamah wrote poetry lampooning the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), and news of that reached the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and upset him. He said: “Who will deal with her for me?” A man from among her people said: I will, O Messenger of Allah! She was a seller of dates, so he went to her and said to her: Do you have any dates? She said: Yes. So she showed him some dates, and he said: I want something better than this. So she went inside to show him and he followed her and looked right and left, but he did not see anything except a small table, and he kept hitting her head with it until he killed her. Then he went to the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and said: O Messenger of Allah, I have taken care of her for you. The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “The validity of what you have done is something that no one could dispute.”

narrated by Muhammad ibn al-Hajjaaj al-Lakhami Abu Ibraaheem al-Waasiti.

The reporter in the chain of narration, Muhammad Ibn Al-Hajjâj, is known for fabricating Hadiths.

Ibn ‘Adiyy mentions this incident in his book “Al-Kamal” :
“…this Isnad (chain of reporters) is not narrated on authority of Mujalid but by Muhammad Ibn Al-Hajjaj and they all (other reporters in the chain) accuse Muhammad Ibn Al-Hajjaj of forging it.”

Al-Bukhari (author of the eponym hadith work and widely accepted authority of hadith) said concerning this Muhammad Ibn Al-Hajjaj : His hadeeth is to be rejected.

Ibn Ma‘een said: (He is) an evil liar.

Ad-Dâraqutni said: (He is) a liar; and on one occasion he said: He is not trustworthy.

And he is by the way the same guy who fabricated the ‘hadith of harissa’ (for sexual gain), since he was a harissa seller.

A second version of the same incident was narrated :

It was narrated by al-Waaqidi in al-Maghaazi (p. 173) and via him by al-Qadaa‘i (858): ‘Abdullah ibn al-Haarith told me, from his father, that ‘Asma bint Marwaan, from Banu Umayyah ibn Zayd, was married to Yazeed ibn Zayd ibn Hisn al-Khatmi. She used to revile the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), criticise Islam and incite people against the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). When news of what she said and her incitement of the people reached ‘Umayr ibn ‘Adiyy ibn Kharashah ibn Umayyah al-Khatmi, he said: O Allah, I make a vow to You that I shall kill her if You grant a safe return to Madinah to the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) – as the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) was in Badr at that time. When the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) came back from Badr, ‘Umayr ibn ‘Adiyy came to her in the middle of the night and entered upon her in her house when she had a group of her children sleeping around her, including an infant who was still being breastfed. He reached out to touch her and found the infant whom she was breastfeeding. He pushed the child aside then he plunged his sword into her chest until it came out of her back. Then he went out and prayed Fajr with the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) in Madinah. When the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) finished praying, he looked at ‘Umayr and said: Did you kill the daughter of Marwaan? He said: Yes, may my father be sacrificed for you, O Messenger of Allah.

‘Umayr was afraid that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) would not approve of his killing her, so he said: Is there any sin on me for that, O Messenger of Allah? He said: “The validity of what you have done is something that no one could dispute.” And this is the first time I heard this phrase from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). ‘Umayr said: The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) turned to those who were around him and said: “If you want to see a man who supported Allah and His Messenger, then look at ‘Ubayr ibn ‘Adiyy.”

This is a worthless isnaad as well.

Imam Ahmad said concerning al-Waaqidi – whose name was Muhammad ibn ‘Umar ibn Waaqid – : He is a liar; he alters hadeeths.

Ibn Ma‘een said: He is not trustworthy. On one occasion he said: His hadeeth is not to be written down.

Al-Bukhaari and Abu Haatim said: He is matrook (rejected).

Abu Hâtim and an-Nasâ’î said: He fabricates hadeeth.

Ibn al-Madeeni said: al-Waaqidi fabricates hadeeth.

Ibn ‘Adiyy said: His hadeeths are odd and problematic.

An-Nasâ’î said: The liars who are known for fabricating hadeeth are four: Ibraaheem ibn Abi Yahya in Madinah, al-Waaqidi in Baghdad, Muqaatil in Khorasan and Muhammad ibn Sa‘eed in Syria.

In the authentic Sunnah of the Prophet  prohibits the killing of women in war. The Prophet of mercy also forbade to kill the jewess that poisoned him once.

However, the stories of Ka’b ibn al-Ashraf and Abu Rafi’, due to speaking ill against and insulting the Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) are found authentic in Bukhari. Thus my intention here is to remove lies around a specific case, not to be ashamed of any ruling of the noble shari’ah.

References ans sources :

Ibn ‘Adiyy, Al-Kamal, Vol. 6, p. 145
Al-Mawdoo‘aat by Ibn al-Jawzi 3/18
Mizaan al-I‘tidaal, 3/509
Mizaan al-I‘tidaal, 3/663
Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb, 9/163

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