Apostasy in Islam : the inexistent killing of Asma bint Marwan

  • Status : FABRICATED

Here is the report copy-pasted :

A woman from Banu Khatamah wrote poetry lampooning the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), and news of that reached the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and upset him. He said: “Who will deal with her for me?” A man from among her people said: I will, O Messenger of Allah! She was a seller of dates, so he went to her and said to her: Do you have any dates? She said: Yes. So she showed him some dates, and he said: I want something better than this. So she went inside to show him and he followed her and looked right and left, but he did not see anything except a small table, and he kept hitting her head with it until he killed her. Then he went to the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and said: O Messenger of Allah, I have taken care of her for you. The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “The validity of what you have done is something that no one could dispute.”

narrated by Muhammad ibn al-Hajjaaj al-Lakhami Abu Ibraaheem al-Waasiti.

The reporter in the chain of narration, Muhammad Ibn Al-Hajjâj, is known for fabricating Hadiths.

Ibn ‘Adiyy mentions this incident in his book “Al-Kamal” :
“…this Isnad (chain of reporters) is not narrated on authority of Mujalid but by Muhammad Ibn Al-Hajjaj and they all (other reporters in the chain) accuse Muhammad Ibn Al-Hajjaj of forging it.”

Al-Bukhari (author of the eponym hadith work and widely accepted authority of hadith) said concerning this Muhammad Ibn Al-Hajjaj : His hadeeth is to be rejected.

Ibn Ma‘een said: (He is) an evil liar.

Ad-Dâraqutni said: (He is) a liar; and on one occasion he said: He is not trustworthy.

And he is by the way the same guy who fabricated the ‘hadith of harissa’ (for sexual gain), since he was a harissa seller.

A second version of the same incident was narrated :

It was narrated by al-Waaqidi in al-Maghaazi (p. 173) and via him by al-Qadaa‘i (858): ‘Abdullah ibn al-Haarith told me, from his father, that ‘Asma bint Marwaan, from Banu Umayyah ibn Zayd, was married to Yazeed ibn Zayd ibn Hisn al-Khatmi. She used to revile the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), criticise Islam and incite people against the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). When news of what she said and her incitement of the people reached ‘Umayr ibn ‘Adiyy ibn Kharashah ibn Umayyah al-Khatmi, he said: O Allah, I make a vow to You that I shall kill her if You grant a safe return to Madinah to the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) – as the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) was in Badr at that time. When the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) came back from Badr, ‘Umayr ibn ‘Adiyy came to her in the middle of the night and entered upon her in her house when she had a group of her children sleeping around her, including an infant who was still being breastfed. He reached out to touch her and found the infant whom she was breastfeeding. He pushed the child aside then he plunged his sword into her chest until it came out of her back. Then he went out and prayed Fajr with the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) in Madinah. When the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) finished praying, he looked at ‘Umayr and said: Did you kill the daughter of Marwaan? He said: Yes, may my father be sacrificed for you, O Messenger of Allah.

‘Umayr was afraid that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) would not approve of his killing her, so he said: Is there any sin on me for that, O Messenger of Allah? He said: “The validity of what you have done is something that no one could dispute.” And this is the first time I heard this phrase from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). ‘Umayr said: The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) turned to those who were around him and said: “If you want to see a man who supported Allah and His Messenger, then look at ‘Ubayr ibn ‘Adiyy.”

This is a worthless isnaad as well.

Imam Ahmad said concerning al-Waaqidi – whose name was Muhammad ibn ‘Umar ibn Waaqid – : He is a liar; he alters hadeeths.

Ibn Ma‘een said: He is not trustworthy. On one occasion he said: His hadeeth is not to be written down.

Al-Bukhaari and Abu Haatim said: He is matrook (rejected).

Abu Hâtim and an-Nasâ’î said: He fabricates hadeeth.

Ibn al-Madeeni said: al-Waaqidi fabricates hadeeth.

Ibn ‘Adiyy said: His hadeeths are odd and problematic.

An-Nasâ’î said: The liars who are known for fabricating hadeeth are four: Ibraaheem ibn Abi Yahya in Madinah, al-Waaqidi in Baghdad, Muqaatil in Khorasan and Muhammad ibn Sa‘eed in Syria.

In the authentic Sunnah of the Prophet  prohibits the killing of women in war. The Prophet of mercy also forbade to kill the jewess that poisoned him once.

However, the stories of Ka’b ibn al-Ashraf and Abu Rafi’, due to speaking ill against and insulting the Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) are found authentic in Bukhari. Thus my intention here is to remove lies around a specific case, not to be ashamed of any ruling of the noble shari’ah.

References ans sources :

Ibn ‘Adiyy, Al-Kamal, Vol. 6, p. 145
Al-Mawdoo‘aat by Ibn al-Jawzi 3/18
Mizaan al-I‘tidaal, 3/509
Mizaan al-I‘tidaal, 3/663
Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb, 9/163

Source 1

Source 2

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2 Comments on “Apostasy in Islam : the inexistent killing of Asma bint Marwan”


  1. […] Muhammad ibn al-Hajjaj is also unfortunately the fabricator of the story of the killing of Asmaa bint Marwaan. […]


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